- Why do bigger discs brake better?
L_P 8pot and giganto rims? that just looks silly.
😯 Wash your mouth out young man (woman?).
Actually very clever mounting the disc on the rim, moves all the braking forces off the hub and onto the rim. Means the spokes can be thinner and lighter as they have much lower forces applied to them. Lighter wheels is good 😀 .Posted 7 years agohungry monkeyMember
tyre pressure/size wise – for a given pressure the contact area will be the same.
a 3″ tyre at 50 psi, under 100 pounds weight will have a 2 inch square footprint.
a 1″ tyre, at 50 psi, under 100 pounds weight will have a 2 inch square footprint.
the footprints will just have a different shape (same for thin/wide car tyres). the shape of a footprint may affect the grip, depends on the tyre.Posted 7 years ago
Are you saying a 3foot/metre/ mile wide tyre at 100 psi would also have the same footprint with a 100 lbs force?Posted 7 years ago
i need this explaining – not saying it is wrong but i need a reason as it seems , prima facie, to be wrong.
Amotons law is about the force required to overcome inertia for two , equal weight /material, objects with different footprints- same force required to move each object.
Does this really apply to braking
In my uneducated opinion is it not the brake manufacturers finding a happy medium between braking performance and unsprung rotational forces? The bigger the disc the harder it is to turn in? Being into the motorised version of two wheeled fun as well as unmotorised and haven riden a Buell or two in my time with the daft rim mounted disc I have to say they handled teribbly compared to a similar streetfighter style road bike like say a triumph speed triple, or it could have been that the Buell was a shite handeling bike in the first place and nothing to do with the rim mounted disc?Posted 7 years ago5thElefantMember
haven riden a Buell or two in my time with the daft rim mounted disc I have to say they handled teribbly compared to a similar streetfighter
I think you might be in a minority. Bike’s Best Handling Bikes ever put Buell’s #1 and #8Posted 7 years agoratherbeintobagoSubscriber
Amotons law is about the force required to overcome inertia
It isn’t. Newton’s laws of motion describe inertia (these are relevant to braking in that applying the brakes generates a negative force along the axis of travel, causing negative acceleration). Amonton’s laws relate to friction.
Are you saying a 3foot/metre/ mile wide tyre at 100 psi would also have the same footprint with a 100 lbs force?
The all knowing oracle suggests that the two most important factors in determining contact patch are indeed tyre pressure & load, and that this is limited by tyre geometry.
AndyPosted 7 years agochiefgrooveguruMember
Contact patches on tyres and brake pads are one of those areas where the simplistic view is too simple to be useful – like using Newtonian mechanics to deal with Quantum physics. It’s not that the simplistic model is close enough to be be fine for rough calculations, it’s way out.Posted 7 years agoAlexSimonSubscriber
I’ve just spent a good 15 mins trying to dig out an image of a trials bike which put the rotor (aluminium I think) on the rim. It was a custom one-off. My search lead me to thinking it was the Ruthless Switchblade, but the site seems dead and I can’t find any images 🙁
Anyway – I think things like this should be explored. It’s fun.
This m/c seems to use very small calipers – maybe even bicycle ones.
The modulation thing seems in debate. Most people report better modulation with larger rotors, I’m wondering if this is because we find it easier to adjust force at the lever when we’re dealing with small forces, rather than big ones.Posted 7 years agocheese@4pSubscriber
Im thinking: gears in reverse, larger rotor = less lever force required but giving a lower more gradual braking force.Posted 7 years ago
Smaller rotor = pull hard on lever to get harder, more instant stopping.
Bigger rotor will give more feel/control. Small rotor will tend to lock up.
well that wikki link surely applies to the same tyre with the two most important factors being
* The larger the load on the tire, the larger the contact patch.
* The larger the inflation pressure, the smaller the contact patch.
Well for the same tyre I can see why this is clearly true – more weight = more contact reduce pressur e= more contact and vice versa It cannot be the same bettween 2 diifferent tryes thoogh. If we apply the 100 n force to a 100 psi tyre to a 3 inch tyre and 3 metre tyre. It is obvious which must have the greatest footprint – the bigger one.Posted 7 years ago
It is obvious which must have the greatest footprint – the bigger one.
Ok, lets say you had a slick 26″x2.1″ tyre,inflated to 60 PSI, and a slick 29″x2.1″ tyre, also inflated to 60 PSI. If you loaded them up with the same weight, they would have the same contact patch area. It would differ in shape however, the 29″ tyre would have a longer, narrower contact patch whilst the 26″ tyre would have a shorter, wider contact patch.Posted 7 years agoahwilesSubscriber
a 160mm disc has a radius of 80mm.
a 200mm disc has a radius 100
that’s an increase of 25%.
bigger discs mean more braking oomph, or the same oomph for less squeezing.
(oh, and while i’m on, 4 pot brakes are completely pointless for mountain bikes – they make sense on cars, where there is limited room between the hub and the rim, so 4 or 6 pots can be used to the same effect as 2 big ones – without taking up the same radial space – they also mean a thinner (radially) disc can be used, which weighs less – this is why 4/6 pots are used on motorbikes)Posted 7 years agolazlo53Member
Fog and everybody else, if what Fog said…… ‘I would be using exactly the same caliper with exactly the same pads exerting exactly the same force on exactly the same area of disc’…… then he’s doing bugger all but changing the disc and nothing else. He’ll actually make both acceleration and braking worse ie: more mass to both start and stop rotating. Is this what you mean Fog, just changing the disc? if so save your money (but send me half as a consultancy fee)Posted 7 years agocoffeekingMember
The modulation question is one that interests me. Modulation, the ability to vary the force nicely (linearly?) from 0 to 100%, does not change with leverage ratio changes such as disc size. The only reason modulation seems to change is because you don’t have control over your fingers as well as you think you do.
When you’re used to grabbing a handful, then you switch to a more sensitive system, grabbing a handful will bin you. Simple. Like left foot braking in a car – the brake pedal doesn’t change it’s braking ability, but your left foot is used to pressing a very firm, coarse control pedal. So when you use it to press the brake pedal with careful control you end up eating windscreen.
There is no inherent reason why you can’t get exactly the same modulation with a large disc as you can with a small disc, you can still vary brake pressure from 0-100%. Humans are not digitised creatures, their output force is continuous, not discrete.Posted 7 years ago
Humans are not digitised creatures, their output force is continuous, not discrete.
a) Someone asks you to exert 1Nm on a lever, then 2Nm.
b) Someone asks you to exert 0.0001Nm on a lever, then 0.0002Nm
Assume you have a digital readout or somesuch letting you know the force you uare exterting. Which one do you think you could do more accurately?Posted 7 years agocoffeekingMember
The difference is you’re not talking orders of magnitude, you’re talking 25% extra radius/torque at the most. So the difference is more like 1N then 2N, or 1.25N or 2.5N. You get bigger variations in modulation from one end of the brake lever to the other, or by braking with one finger or two.Posted 7 years ago
Same thing will happen, except the big tyre will probably weigh a lot more which will contribute to the loading.
You are arguing that[ lets get more extreme here] a 3 mm tyre has the same footprint as a 3 mile wide tyre with the same load/psi applied etc. It is seems to me to be clearly not true – why dont we all just ride skinny road wheels if we get the same grip footprint whatever size tyre we use?Posted 7 years ago
As is said it is true for the same wheel but not between /across wheels of different sizes
It is seems to me to be clearly not true
What is your reasoning/proof behind this thought? As far as I can see it is true! Is there a physical explanation why not? Quite often reality flies in the face of ‘common sense’!
why dont we all just ride skinny road wheels if we get the same grip footprint whatever size tyre we use?
This bit doesn’t make sense to me!
On road we want minimal rolling resistance, therefore require high pressure. Narrow tyres can more readily/safely be inflated to higher pressures for various reasons, and so are better suited to road riding. You get a small contact patch due to the high pressure. On a smooth surface grip is not strongly related to the contact patch size.
Off road, because the ground is bumpy, a lower pressure, wider tyre rolls better. A lower pressure also gives a larger contact patch, and hence more grip (because both the tyre and ground are not smooth).
So, in summary, you get nominally the same contact patch for any two tyre diameters/widths at the same pressure. The thing is, nobody runs large tyres at high pressures because it defeats the point of having large tyres. Nobody runs narrow tyres at low pressures because it defeats the point of having narrow tyres.Posted 7 years ago
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