Article in today's Grauniad about equal pay across the sexes. They use a female classroom assistant comparison with a male gravedigger.
In the legal claims they say there are two main types of cases. The easy one is differences in pay for the same role and seniority[i] for a man and a woman. The more complex one is using a comparative analysis like above where there is a measure of worth of value[i] to society and whether pay reflects that value or worth.
The argument goes that since women tend towards, say, classroom assistant roles and men towards gravedigging then you cant leave the market to solve the pay discrepancy.
I say you can, and more women should be encouraged to be gravediggers rather than classroom assistants reducing supply of classroom assistants and so increasing their pay to attract more.
So value based pay, and how do you determine social value? or leave the markets to it but ensure no discrepancy in pay across the sexes for the SAME role?